1492 – King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain issued the Alhambra edict expelling Jews who were unwilling to convert to Christianity.
1776 – Abigail Adams wrote to her husband John that women were “determined to foment a rebellion” if the new Declaration of Independence failed to guarantee their rights.
1779 – Russia and Turkey signed a treaty concerning military action in Crimea.
1831 – Quebec and Montreal were incorporated as cities.
1854 – The U.S. government signed the Treaty of Kanagawa with Japan. The act opened the ports of Shimoda and Hakotade to American trade.
1862 – Skirmishing between Rebels and Union forces took place at Island 10 on the Mississippi River.
1880 – Wabash, IN, became the first town to be completely illuminated with electric light.
1885 – Binney & Smith Company was founded in New York City. The company later became Crayola, LLC.
1889 – In Paris, the Eiffel Tower officially opened.
1900 – The W.E. Roach Company was the first automobile company to put an advertisement in a national magazine. The magazine was the “Saturday Evening Post“.
1900 – In France, the National Assembly passed a law reducing the workday for women and children to 11 hours.
1901 – In Russia, the Czar lashed out at Socialist-Revolutionaries with the arrests of 72 people and the seizing of two printing presses.
1902 – In Tennessee, 22 coal miners were killed by an explosion.
1904 – In India, hundreds of Tibetans were slaughtered by the British.
1905 – Kaiser Wilhelm arrived in Tangier proclaiming to support for an independent state of Morocco.
1906 – The Conference on Moroccan Reforms in Algerciras ended after two months with France and Germany in agreement.
1906 – The Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States was founded to set rules in amateur sports. The organization became the National Collegiate Athletic Association in 1910.
1908 – 250,000 coal miners in Indianapolis, IN, went on strike to await a wage adjustment.
1909 – Serbia accepted Austrian control over Bosnia-Herzegovina.
1917 – The U.S. purchased and took possession of the Virgin Islands from Denmark for $25 million.
1918 – For the first time in the U.S., Daylight Saving Time went into effect.
1921 – Great Britain declared a state of emergency because of the thousands of coal miners on strike.
1923 – In New York City, the first U.S. dance marathon was held. Alma Cummings set a new world record of 27 hours.
1932 – The Ford Motor Co. debuted its V-8 engine.
1933 – The U.S. Congress authorized the Civilian Conservation Corps to relieve rampant unemployment.
1933 – The “Soperton News” in Georgia became the first newspaper to publish using a pine pulp paper.
1939 – Britain and France agreed to support Poland if Germany threatened invasion.
1940 – La Guardia airport in New York officially opened to the public.
1941 – Germany began a counter offensive in North Africa.
1945 – “The Glass Menagerie” by Tennessee Williams opened on Broadway.
1946 – Monarchists won the elections in Greece.
1947 – John L. Lewis called a strike in sympathy for the miners killed in an explosion in Centralia, IL, on March 25, 1947.
1948 – The Soviets in Germany began controlling the Western trains headed toward Berlin.
1949 – Winston Churchill declared that the A-bomb was the only thing that kept the U.S.S.R. from taking over Europe.
1949 – Newfoundland entered the Canadian confederation as its 10th province.
1958 – The U.S. Navy formed the atomic submarine division.
1959 – The Dalai Lama (Lhama Dhondrub, Tenzin Gyatso) began exile by crossing the border into India where he was granted political asylum. Gyatso was the 14th Daila Lama.
1960 – The South African government declared a state of emergency after demonstrations led to the death of more than 50 Africans.
1966 – An estimated 200,000 anti-war demonstrators march in New York City. (New York)
1966 – The Soviet Union launched Luna 10, which became the first spacecraft to enter a lunar orbit.
1967 – U.S. President Lyndon Johnson signed the Consular Treaty, the first bi-lateral pact with the Soviet Union since the Bolshevik Revolution.
1970 – The U.S. forces in Vietnam down a MIG-21, it was the first since September 1968.
1976 – The New Jersey Supreme Court ruled that Karen Anne Quinlan could be disconnected from a respirator. Quinlan remained comatose until 1985 when she died.
1980 – U.S. President Carter deregulated the banking industry.
1981 – In Bangkok, Thailand, four of five Indonesian terrorists were killed after hijacking an airplane on March 28.
1985 – ABC-TV aired the 200th episode of “The Love Boat.”
1986 – 167 people died when a Mexicana Airlines Boeing 727 crashed in Los Angeles.
1987 – HBO (Home Box Office) earned its first Oscar for “Down and Out in America”.
1989 – Canada and France signed a fishing rights pact.
1991 – Albania offered a multi-party election for the first time in 50 years. Incumbent President Ramiz Alia won.
1991 – Iraqi forces recaptured the northern city of Kirkuk from Kurdish guerillas.
1993 – Brandon Lee was killed accidentally while filming a movie.
1994 – “Nature” magazine announced that a complete skull of Australppithecus afarensis had been found in Ethiopia. The finding is of humankind’s earliest ancestor.
1998 – U.N. Security Council imposed arms embargo on Yugoslavia.
1998 – Buddy Hackett received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
1998 – For the first time in U.S. history the federal government’s detailed financial statement was released. This occurred under the Clinton administration.
1999 – Three U.S. soldiers were captured by Yugoslav soldiers three miles from the Yugoslav border in Macedonia.
1999 – Fabio was hit in the face by a bird during a promotional ride of a new roller coaster at the Busch Gardens theme park in Williamsburg, VA. Fabio received a one-inch cut across his nose.
2000 – In Uganda, officials set the number of deaths linked to a doomsday religious cult, the Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments, at more than 900. In Kanungu, a March 17 fire at the cult’s church killed more than 530 and authorities subsequently found mass graves at various sites linked to the cult.
2004 – Air America Radio launched five stations around the U.S.
2004 – Google Inc. announced that it would be introducing a free e-mail service called Gmail.
2016 – Apple released the iPhone SE.
The concept of separating church and state is often credited to the writings of EnglishJohn Locke. philosopher According to his principle of the social contract, Locke argued that the government lacked authority in the realm of individual conscience, as this was something rational people could not cede to the government for it or others to control. For Locke, this created a natural right in the liberty of conscience, which he argued must therefore remain protected from any government authority. These views on religious tolerance and the importance of individual conscience, along with his social contract, became particularly influential in the American colonies and the drafting of the United States Constitution.Thomas Jefferson stated: “Bacon, Locke and Newton..I consider them as the three greatest men that have ever lived, without any exception, and as having laid the foundation of those superstructures which have been raised in the physical and moral sciences” Indeed such was Locke’s influence,
Reflecting a concept often credited in its original form to the English political philosopher John Locke, the phrase separation of church and state is generally traced to the letter written by Thomas Jefferson in 1802 to the Danbury Baptists, in which he referred to the First Amendment to the United States Constitution as creating a “wall of separation” between church and state.United States Supreme Court first in 1878, and then in a series of cases starting in 1947. This led to increased popular and political discussion of the concept. The phrase was quoted by the
The concept has since been adopted in a number of countries, to varying degrees depending on the applicable legal structures and prevalent views toward the proper role of religion in society. A similar principle of laïcité has been applied in France and Turkey, while some socially secularized countries such as Norway have maintained constitutional recognition of an official state religion. The concept parallels various other international social and political ideas, including secularism, disestablishment, religious liberty, and religious pluralism.