on this day 5/8 1958 – U.S. President Eisenhower ordered the National Guard out of Little Rock as Ernest Green became the first black to graduate from an Arkansas public school.

1096 – Peter the Hermit and his army reached Hungary. They passed through without incident.

1450 – Jack Cade’s Rebellion-Kentishmen revolted against King Henry VI.

1541 – Hernando de Soto reached the Mississippi River. He called it Rio de Espiritu Santo.

1794 – Antoine Lavoisier was executed by guillotine. He was the French chemist that discovered oxygen.

1794 – The United States Post Office was established.

1846 – The first major battle of the Mexican War was fought. The battle occurred in Palo Alto, TX.

1847 – The rubber tire was patented by Robert W. Thompson.

1879 – George Selden applied for the first automobile patent.

1886 – Pharmacist Dr. John Styth Pemberton invented what would later be called “Coca-Cola.”

1904 – U.S. Marines landed in Tangier to protect the Belgian legation.

1914 – The U.S. Congress passed a Joint Resolution that designated the second Sunday in May as Mother’s Day.

1915 – H.P. Whitney’s Regret became the first filly to win the Kentucky Derby.

1919 – The first transatlantic flight took-off by a navy seaplane.

1921 – Sweden abolished capital punishment.

1933 – Gandhi began a hunger strike to protest British oppression in India.

1939 – Clay Puett’s electric starting gate was used for the first time.

1943 – The Germans suppressed a revolt by Polish Jews and destroyed the Warsaw Ghetto.

1945 – U.S. President Harry Truman announced that World War II had ended in Europe.

1954 – Parry O’Brien became the first to toss a shot put over 60 feet. O’Brien achieved a distance of 60 feet 5 1/4 inches.

1956 – Alfred E. Neuman appeared on the cover of “Mad Magazine” for the first time.

1958 – U.S. President Eisenhower ordered the National Guard out of Little Rock as Ernest Green became the first black to graduate from an Arkansas public school.

1959 – Mike and Marian Ilitch founded “Little Caesars Pizza Treat”.

1960 – Diplomatic relations between Cuba and the Soviet Union resumed.

1961 – New Yorkers selected a new name for their new National League baseball franchise. They chose the Mets.

1970 – Construction workers broke up an anti-war protest on New York City’s Wall Street.

1973 – Militant American Indians who had held the South Dakota hamlet of Wounded Knee for 10 weeks surrendered.

1984 – The Soviet Union announced that they would not participate in the 1984 Summer Olympics Games in Los Angeles.

1985 – “New Coke” was released to the public on the 99th anniversary of Coca-Cola.

1986 – Reporters were told that 84,000 people had been evacuated from areas near the Chernobyl nuclear plant in Soviet Ukraine.

1998 – A pipe burst leaving a million residents without water in Malaysia’s capital area. This added to four days of shortages that 2 million already faced.

1999 – The first female cadet graduated from The Citadel military college.


These are the 24 most vulnerable Republicans who walked the plank for Trumpcare

House: House Republicans just narrowly passed their Trumpcare bill on Thursday, voting to kick tens of millions off of their insurance and make health care unaffordable for countless Americans. Daily Kos Elections mapped out the 2016 presidential election result for all 217 House Republicans who voted in favor of the bill here.

Of the 23 members who hold districts that voted for Hillary Clinton in 2016, 14 Republicans voted for the bill, as did another 10 of those whose seats Trump won with less than 50 percent (excluding districts in Utah, where conservative independent Evan McMullin drew substantially from Republicans). Democrats need to gain exactly 24 Republican-held seats while defending all 194 of their own to capture control of the House in 2018, and these 24 Trumpcare supporters will likely be prime targets.

This second map illustrates how every House Republican member voted and whether their district favored Clinton or Donald Trump in 2016. Only 11 of the 20 Republicans who voted no came from districts that Trump carried, even fewer than the 14 in Clinton seats who favored the bill.

Finally, this chart shows the 2016 and 2012 presidential results and the 2016 House results for the 24 Republicans who voted yes in seats where Trump got less than 50 percent of the vote, aside from Utah. Ranking the districts from Trump’s worst to best margin, the Republican in the bluest seat to support the bill was Rep. Carlos Curbelo, whose heavily Cuban-American Miami-area Florida 27th District favored Clinton by a staggering 57-41.


AZ-Sen: On Wednesday, Democratic Rep. Kyrsten Sinema appeared to announce that she would seek re-election to the House rather than challenge GOP Sen. Jeff Flake. However, as KPNX’s Brahm Resnik notes, Sinema didn’t actually say she wouldn’t run for the Senate. In fact, when she was directly asked in the interview if she would run for the Senate she only said “I’m running for re-election.” Resnik further reports that, on Thursday, Sinema representatives called state Democrats concerned that she wouldn’t run against Flake to reassure them that “nothing’s changed.” And in a text message exchange later that day, Sinema told Resnik, “I’ve said what I always say. I’m currently running for re-election.” Note the word “currently.”

Grand Canyon State Democrats may need to put up with Sinema’s games, because it’s unclear who they’d field if Sinema (actually) decides not to run. In fact, until Thursday, Sinema was the only notable Democrat we’d even heard seriously mentioned for this race. When it looked like Sinema was out. Roll Call‘s Andrew Breiner wrote that state Rep. Randall Friese’s name was “being floated,” though it’s unclear if he’s interested. Friese was a trauma surgeon who operated on then-Rep. Gabby Giffords and others after they were shot in early 2011 in Tucson. Friese got into politics a little while later and narrowly unseated a GOP incumbent to win a Tucson-area state House seat in 2014.

WV-Sen: We’d only offhandedly heard GOP Rep. David McKinley even mentioned as a possible candidate against Democratic Sen. Joe Manchin, but apparently, he’s been thinking about it. On Thursday, McKinley told Roll Call‘s Simone Pathe‏ that he’d likely announce next week if he would run for the Senate. GOP leaders reportedly want Rep. Evan Jenkins to run, though they don’t seem opposed to state Attorney General Patrick Morrisey.


FL-Gov: Florida House Speaker Richard Corcoran said a few months ago that he wouldn’t decide whether he would seek the GOP nomination for governor until after the 2018 legislative session ends next spring, and he’s not switching up that timeline in a new Tampa Bay Times interview. However, Corcoran says he will set up a committee to raise money this summer for a possible bid. While there’s been some speculation that Corcoran could run for attorney general or for the U.S. Senate, Corcoran unambiguously said that he’ll either run for governor or for nothing in 2018.

State Agriculture Commissioner Adam Putnam has been raising money for the GOP primary for years, and he’s planning to announce he’s in later this month. Polls find Corcoran with little name recognition statewide, and if he’s serious about running, he’ll need to raise a lot of money in a relatively short amount of time in order to get his name out. As we’ve noted before, Corcoran is very close to the Koch brothers’ political network, and they may be interested in opening their wallets for him.

However, there’s one wealthy Republican whom Corcoran very much cannot count on for help. While termed-out Gov. Rick Scott doesn’t have a great relationship with Putnam, he’s come into conflict with Corcoran numerous times during this year’s legislative session. An unnamed Scott ally even told Politico in March that “[y]ou can be sure that if Richard runs for governor, Rick will get Trump to drop the boom on him at just the right time and ruin his chances with Republicans. The governor takes this stuff personally.” Scott reportedly has been searching for a wealthy candidate similar to himself to run to succeed him, but it’s unclear how his quest is going.

IA-Gov: On Thursday, state Sen. Nate Boulton announced that he would seek the Democratic nomination for governor of Iowa. Boulton, a labor attorney by trade, only won elected office for the first time last year, but he made a name for himself by vocally opposing the GOP legislature’s drive against collective bargaining and to weaken legal protections for injured workers.

Iowa Starting Line has written that Boulton is very close to both labor and trial lawyer groups, two influential constituencies that should help him raise money for a crowded primary and competitive general election. Boulton represents a Des Moines-area seat and some observers worry that a candidate from the state’s largest city could have difficulty appealing to rural voters, so it’s no surprise that Boulton mentioned in his announcement video that he hails from the small town of Columbus Junction in the southeastern corner of the state.

VA-Gov: Ex-RNC head Ed Gillespie is the only GOP candidate with much money available, and with less than six weeks to go before the primary, he’s putting it to use. Gillespie is out with his first TV spot, where he calls for “major tax cuts.” The campaign did not reveal the size of the buy, only calling it a “significant” statewide buy.


AL-02: Last cycle, GOP Rep. Martha Roby turned back a primary challenge from an underfunded local tea party leader 66-28, but she found herself in hot water with the grassroots months later. Roby announced that she wouldn’t vote for Trump after the Access Hollywood tape was released, and angry conservatives launched a write-in campaign against her. Roby ended up winning her uncompetitive general election just 49-41, with the rest of the vote going to write-ins. Roby will likely need to be on guard for another primary in 2018, and she may have her first notable opponent soon.

This week, state Rep. Barry Moore filed with the FEC to set up a campaign, though he has yet to announce he’s running. However, Moore may not be an ideal challenger. In 2014, Moore was charged with lying to a grand jury in a corruption investigation aimed at then-Speaker Mike Hubbard. Moore was found not-guilty on all counts later that year, but recordings played during the trial seemed to show him passing along a threat from Hubbard to politicians in the town of Enterprise to kill an agreement with the state unless one of them dropped his primary campaign against Moore. (Hat-tip Politics1)

CA-34: This week, Gov. Jerry Brown endorsed Assemblyman Jimmy Gomez ahead of the June 6 all-Democratic general election for this safely blue seat. Gomez already had the support of much of California’s Democratic establishment even before the April primary, so Brown’s move is hardly a surprise. Gomez faces former Los Angeles Planning Commissioner Robert Lee Ahn.

GA-06: Democrat Jon Ossoff is up with a new positive ad ahead of next month’s special election. Ossoff sits at a kitchen table and tells the audience that deficits are hurting the economy. Ossoff pledges to cut wasteful spending, reduce the deficit, and prioritize local high tech and biotech research. The commercial seems aimed at voters who usually back Republicans but don’t like Trump.

IL-06: Democrat Kelly Mazeski, a member of the Planning Commission in the small village of Barrington Hills, announced that she would challenge Republican Rep. Peter Roskam on Thursday morning. Mazeski used her opening statement to hit Roskam for backing Trumpcare, noting that she survived breast cancer and that her daughter has a rare medical condition.

This ancestrally red suburban Chicago seat swung from 53-45 Romney to 50-43 Clinton, but Roskam, who won 59-41, is a strong fundraiser who won’t be easy to beat. Mazeski ran for the state Senate last cycle but lost 59-41, and we’ll need to see if she has the resources to run a strong campaign. Ex-Naperville Unit District 203 school board member Suzyn Price and 2016 nominee Amanda Howland are already running, and other Democrats are considering.

MT-AL: The DCCC recently announced that they would air TV spots ahead of the May 25 special election, and they’re out with their first commercial against Republican Greg Gianforte. The commercial echoes the ones Democrats ran against Gianforte in last year’s race for governor, which he lost 50-46. The narrator argues that Gianforte, whom he describes as a “millionaire from New Jersey,” went to court to keep the public off his land, and even “funded groups working to sell off our public lands.”

NC-09: While Republican Rep. Robert Pittenger had little trouble winning the general election in this conservative suburban Charlotte seat last year, his primary was another story altogether. Court-ordered redistricting gave Pittenger a seat that was about 60 percent new to him, but perhaps more importantly, his former real estate company had been under investigation by the FBI and IRS for over a year in connection with loans he made to his first congressional campaign in 2012. But on Thursday, the government announced that they had closed their investigation without any charges. Pittenger only won his three-way 2016 primary by 142 votes, but he’ll probably have a much easier time in 2018 without this hanging over him.

UT-03: A few days ago, Y2 Analytics released a poll of a hypothetical GOP primary that gave Utah Valley University President Matt Holland a clear lead. Holland hadn’t actually expressed interest in running to succeed departing Rep. Jason Chaffetz, and he tells the local CBS affiliate that he’s “completely surprised” he’s been mentioned. However, Holland didn’t rule out a campaign, saying he “believe[s] in public service” and “I’d never rule it out for me or for anybody that cares about our country.”

So far, no notable Republicans have announced that they’ll run here. Chaffetz himself has hinted he’ll resign before his term expires, and if he does, Utah legislators would need to clarify the state’s vague special election law and decide how the parties would pick their nominees.

The Daily Kos Elections Morning Digest is compiled by David Nir, Jeff Singer, and Stephen Wolf, with additional contributions from David Jarman, Steve Singiser, Daniel Donner, and James Lambert.

To advertise in the Morning Digest, please contact advertise@dailykos.com.

when the past keeps coming back … no lessons learned& another recession coming?

By ThinkProgress War Room

13 Reasons To Be Glad George W. Bush Is No Longer President

With the opening of the George W. Bush presidential library in Dallas, Texas today, there has been some creative re-telling of history and the Bush legacy — an legacy full of terrible consequences, intended and otherwise, that we’re still having to deal with to this very day.

Here’s a reminder from our ThinkProgress colleagues why you should still be happy that those 8 long Bush years are over:

  • Authorized the use of torture

Though the US Code bans torture, Bush personally issued a memorandum six days after the September 11th attacks instructing the CIA that it could use “enhanced interrogation techniques” against suspected terrorists. The methods included waterboarding, sleep deprivation, and “stress positions.” A recently-released bipartisan committee concluded it was “indisputable” that these techniques constituted torture, and that the highest authorities in the country bore responsibility for the creation of a torture programs at Guantanamo Bay and CIA “black sites” around the world

  • Politicized climate science

Bush’s “do-nothing” approach to climate change prevented the U.S. from pursuing meaningful action. Though he claimed that global warming was a serious problem that was either a natural phenomenon or caused by humans, the administration routinely edited scientific reports to downplay the threat of climate change, censored CDC testimony that climate change was a public health threat, and promoted climate denying studies financed by ExxonMobil. At the end of the Bush presidency, a top intelligence adviser warned the incoming president that climate change was a massive destabilizing national security threat that would lead to “Dust Bowl” conditions in the Southwest.

Rather than consolidating gains after the overthrow of the Taliban in Afghanistan, Bush and his neoconservative allies pushed for removing Saddam Hussein from power, kicking off a war that led to one mistake after another. Ten years later, the war is estimated to have cost cost up to $6 trillion and resulted in the death of more than 100,000 Iraqis, 4,000 Americans and another 31,000 wounded. Meanwhile, Afghanistan saw a resurgence of the Taliban after Bush shifted resources to Iraq.

  • Botched the response to Hurricane Katrina

Bush appointed Michael Brown — a man whose only real qualifications were political connections and a sting at the International Arabian Horse Association — to head the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) in 2003 and he preceded to undo everything theClinton Administration had done to make FEMA functional, botching the response to 2004′s Hurricane Frances so badly as to prompt calls for his firing. But Bush kept Brown on board and, as a detailed timeline of the response to Hurricane Katrina demonstrates, neither man took the storm seriously until it was too late. Bush, who famously said “Brownie, you’re doing a heck of a job” midway through the crisis, thus presided over the most deaths due to a single natural disaster in the United States since 1900.

  • Defunded stem cell research

At the turn of the century there was perhaps no greater hope for finding cures to illnesses ranging from Alzheimer’s to diabetes than ongoing stem cell research. But months after taking office, Bush eliminated all federal funding for any new research involving stem cells, citing a religious objection to the use of embryos — even though the embryos in question were byproducts from couples undergoing in vitro fertilization and would have been destroyed by IVF clinics regardless. Twice more during his presidency, Bush vetoed legislation that would have restored funding.

  • Required Muslim men to register with the government

Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, Bush’s Attorney General, John Ashcroft, instituted an anti-terrorism program to register all male immigrants between 18 and 40 years old from 20 Arab and South Asian countries. Thousands of innocent men came forward to register, only to be rounded up for minor visa violations. Roughly 1,000 men and boys in the process of applying for permanent residence were arrested and confined in standing-room-only centers, enduring invasive strip searches and beatings by guards. Many were deported, while others were held for months after their immigration cases were resolved, without a shred of evidence they had any links to terrorism.

  • Reinstated the global gag rule

On Bush’s first day in office he reinstated a rule that prevented any non-profit doing work overseas from using any of their own, private money to fund family planning services. This so-called “Global Gag Rule” posed a serious threat to international maternal health, but it also cut off funding for HIV/AIDS initiatives, child health programs, and water and sanitation efforts.

  • Supported anti-gay discrimination

In 2004, President Bush endorsed the Federal Marriage Amendment (FMA), which would have banned same-sex couples from marrying in the U.S. Constitution. The Massachusetts Supreme Court had just ruled in favor of marriage equality, and Bush hoped to block the ruling from taking effect because “a few judges and local authorities are presuming to change the most fundamental institution of civilization.” Though the FMA failed numerous times in Congress during Bush’s tenure, he exploited the issue of same-sex marriage to turn out conservative voters for the 2004 election. That year, 11 states added constitutional amendments outlawing same-sex marriage.

  • Further deregulated Wall Street

Under Bush, federal agencies eliminated regulations on predatory lending, capital requirements, and other Wall Street practices, allowing banks to engage in riskier and more destructive practices that contributed to the financial crisis that started on his watch. Bush’s Treasury Department also pushed for even further deregulation that would have given Wall Street more oversight over its own practices even after the housing collapse had begun.

  • Widened income inequality

The per-person benefits of Bush’s tax cuts accrued to the top one percent of Americans, as therate for capital gains dropped to 15 percent. The CBO found that federal income taxes dropped far more as a percentage of the one percent’s income than for any other group after 2000.

  • Undermined worker protections

Under Bush, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, whose mission is to protect safe working conditions, issued 86 percent fewer rules or regulations and pulled 22 items from its agenda of proposed safety and health rules. The office’s funding and staff were also consistently reduced. Meanwhile, funding for the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, the agency charged with helping workers who claim discrimination against their employers, was similarly low and staffing fell even as the number of complaints increased, leading to a rising backlog of cases.

  • Ideological court appointments

Bush filled the federal bench with ideologues, including two lifetime appointments to the Supreme Court. These conservatives believe that corporations should be able to buy and sell elections, ruled against equal pay for equal work, and have sought to undermine a woman’s right to choose.

  • Presided over a dysfunctional executive branch

A 2008 analysis by the Center for Public Integrity documented more than 125 executive branch failures over Bush’s two terms. These included government breakdowns on “education, energy, the environment, justice and security, the military and veterans affairs, health care, transportation, financial management, consumer and worker safety,” and others. “I think we’ll look back on this period as one of the most destructive periods in American public life . . . both in terms of policy and process,” Thomas E. Mann, senior fellow at the nonpartisan Brookings Institution observed, noting “genuine distortion in the constitutional system, an exaggerated sense of presidential power and prerogative and acquiescence by a Republican Congress in the face of the first unified Republican government since Dwight Eisenhower.”

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