1346 – Charles IV of Luxembourg was elected Holy Roman Emperor in Germany.
1509 – King Henry VIII married his first of six wives, Catherine of Aragon.
1770 – Captain James Cook discovered the Great Barrier Reef off of Australia when he ran aground.
1776 – In America, the Continental Congress formed a committee to draft a Declaration of Independence from Britain.
1798 – Napoleon Bonaparte took the island of Malta.
1880 – Jeanette Rankin was born. She became the first woman elected to the U.S. Congress.
1889 – The Washington Business High School opened in Washington, DC. It was the first school devoted to business in the U.S.
1895 – Charles E. Duryea received the first U.S. patent granted to an American inventor for a gasoline-driven automobile.
1910 – Jacques-Yves Cousteau was born. He was the French underwater explorer that invented the Aqua-Lung diving apparatus.
1912 – Silas Christoferson became the first pilot to take off from the roof of a hotel.
1915 – British troops took Cameroon in Africa.
1919 – Sir Barton became the first horse to capture the Triple Crown when he won the Belmont Stakes in New York City.
1927 – Charles A. Lindberg was presented the first Distinguished Flying Cross.
1930 – William Beebe dove to a record-setting depth of 1,426 feet off the coast of Bermuda. He used a diving chamber called a bathysphere.
1934 – The Disarmament Conference in Geneva ended in failure.
1936 – The Presbyterian Church of America was formed in Philadelphia, PA.
1937 – Soviet leader Josef Stalin began a purge of Red Army generals.
1940 – The Italian Air Force bombed the British fortress at Malta in the Mediterranean.
1942 – The U.S. and the Soviet Union signed a lend lease agreement to aid the Soviets in their effort in World War II.
1943 – During World War II, the Italian island of Pantelleria surrendered after a heavy air bombardment.
1947 – The U.S. government announced an end to sugar rationing.
1950 – Ben Hogan returned to tournament play after a near fatal car accident. He won the U.S. Open.
1963 – Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was arrested in Florida for trying to integrate restaurants.
1963 – Alabama Gov. George Wallace allowed two black students to enroll at the University of Alabama.
1967 – Israel and Syria accepted a U.N. cease-fire.
1972 – Hank Aaron tied the National League record for 14 grand-slam home runs in a career.
1973 – After a ruling by the Justice Department of the State of Pennsylvania, women were licensed to box or wrestle.
1977 – In the Netherlands, a 19-day hostage situation came to an end when Dutch marines stormed a train and a school being held by South Moluccan extremist. Two hostages and the six terrorists were killed.
1981 – The first major league baseball player’s strike began. It would last for two months.
1982 – Steven Spielberg’s movie “E.T.” opened.
1987 – Margaret Thatcher became the first British prime minister in 160 years to win a third consecutive term of office.
1990 – The U.S. Supreme Court struck down a law that would prohibit the desecration of the American Flag.
1991 – Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines erupted. The eruption of ash and gas could be seen for more than 60 miles.
1993 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that people who commit “hate crimes” could be sentenced to extra punishment. The court also ruled in favor of religious groups saying that they indeed had a constitutional right to sacrifice animals during worship services.
1993 – Steven Spielberg’s movie “Jurassic Park” opened.
1998 – Mitsubishi of America agreed to pay $34 million to end the largest sexual harassment case filed by the U.S. government. The federal lawsuit claimed that hundreds of women at a plant in Normal, IL, had endured groping and crude jokes from male workers.
1998 – Pakistan announced moratorium on nuclear testing and offered to talk with India over disputed Kashmir.
2010 – The FIFA World Cup opened in South Africa. It was the first time it was held in Africa.
Next week–June 13th– U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions will testify before Congress to discuss his budget proposal for the Department of Justice– i.e. how exactly he plans to fund his Law & Order agenda and reignite the so-called War on Drugs. We know that this move by Sessions, backed by Trump administration has been decades in the making. We’ve been here before. And the stories of how this wage that has been waged on our communities are powerful.
That’s why this same day hundreds of Color of Change members are gathering in each other’s homes and communities in opposition to Sessions and viewing Ava Duvernay’s groundbreaking Netflix Original film “13th.”
And we’re inviting our dopest Color of Change members to host a “13th” screening party of their own to stand in opposition with us on the day Sessions testifies.
Let’s send these children into court with a wave of support behind them — click below to keep the incredible momentum going!
One lawsuit could stop Trump wrecking our planet. And here’s the kicker — it’s a case brought by 21 children!
Yup, after years of battling motions to dismiss their case, a US court ruled that 21 young people suing the US government have a constitutional right to a safe climate. Now, a Federal court will hear their case against the President!
If they win, Trump will be forced to rein in the fossil fuel industry! This case could change everything.
But these are just children. They’ve got a tiny team of great attorneys but don’t have the funds to fight Trump and the oil industry’s fire with fire. So they’ve called on us for help.
Our community has a unique power to raise the funds to back them before they are due in court, and then take the fight global to other courts and countries. These courageous children and their case could be our last, best chance to stop Trump’s war on our planet. Chip in just a small amount now, and we can support them and campaign for a safe future —
Trump just declared he is pulling out of the Paris Global Climate Deal. He and his fossil fuel buddies are doing everything they can to block climate action. But they can’t buy the judges. US judges were the only way to stop Trump’s travel bans. Now the courts could force his hand on climate.
Legal action is already working. Two years ago, Dutch citizens took their government to court, demanding it cut carbon pollution according to science, and they won the biggest climate case in history. And the most exciting thing is a legal ruling has a butterfly effect — one case can create a precedent. We could not only take on Trump, we can then move all our governments from words to action, faster.
The US lawsuit, Juliana et al v. United States, was brought by young people aged 9 to 21 and a group of powerful advocates at Our Children’s Trust. The funds are to support the best legal minds to build the case, collect evidence, make these planetary heroes famous all over the world, campaign and back legal cases worldwide to confront climate obstruction, and even just to pay so all the 21 children and their families can be in court to make their case.
2016 was the hottest year, by far, in recorded history. Our climate is delicate, unstable — the last ice age hit us in just 6 months. It may sound far fetched but these incredible children actually could hold all our futures in their hands.
Our community can do this like no one else. We changed the game with the People’s Climate Marches and fought for the Paris climate agreement that laid out the path to a 100% clean future. Now let’s rise again, to back this David vs Goliath fight, to help save the future for all our people.
With hope and determination,
Alice, Danny, Nick, Camille, Spyro and the whole team at Avaaz
The Kids Suing the Government Over Climate Change Are Our Best Hope Now (Slate)
Meet the kids suing the US government for ruining the earth for future generations (Business Insider)
After Obama, Trump May Face Children Suing Over Global Warming (Bloomberg)
Landmark U.S. Federal Climate Lawsuit (Our Children’s Trust)