Parents threatened with arrest after children protest anthem


Colin Kaepernick kneeling in protest.First posted 10/20/2016

These students took a knee to protest violence against Black youth. Now they’re being punished.

 

After young 11 and 12-year-boys of the Beaumont Bulls football knelt during the anthem to protest police violence against Black youth, their local executive board canceled their entire football season, suspended the coaching staff, and threatened to arrest their parents if they attended any future games, practices or events.

For these young Black kids, the plight of injustice in America is their own. Instead of supporting the boys and their protests, their executive board and league officials abandoned them. The board has decided to strip these kids of the team that they love to punish them for asking for basic rights and dignities. This is about the board reinforcing that police violence in our communities doesn’t matter, that our issues aren’t important and that speaking onthem makes you subject to punishment.

These kids are brave for refusing to give in to the executive board and for standing against injustice. We need to support the fight of these children and show them that their protest is heard.

Demand the executive board revoke it’s unjust punishment of these children, their parents, and coaches.

TAKE ACTION

Our American Stories: The Color of Blood ~ Lonnie G. Bunch III, Founding Director of the NMAAHC


Dr. Charles Drew **  Developed a national blood bank

OUR AMERICAN STORIES
Lonnie G. Bunch III, museum director, historian, lecturer, and author, is proud to present A Page from Our American Stories, a regular on-line series for Museum supporters. It showcases individuals and events in the African American experience, placing these stories in the context of a larger story — our American story.


The Color of Blood

Howard University Medical Unit headed by Dr. Charles Drew
This Office of War Information photograph from April 1943 shows Dr. Charles Drew, as head of the Howard University College of Medicine medical unit, and medical corps officers demonstrating treatment of an air-raid victim to nurses.

Library of Congress, LC-USE6-D-010067.

America’s national blood bank systems might operate very differently—or not at all—if not for African American surgeon, researcher, educator, and advocate Charles Richard Drew.

Born in 1904, Charles Drew grew up in Washington, DC. Although the city was racially segregated at that time, it hosted a vibrant African American community, and Drew was fortunate to attend an excellent public school. Drew attended Amherst College on an athletic scholarship, and later, after his eldest sister died of tuberculosis in 1920 and he was hospitalized for a college football injury, his interest turned toward medical science.

At the time, it was difficult for African Americans to pursue most medical careers. Some prominent medical schools accepted non-white students, but the opportunity was only offered to a handful of individuals. Then, after receiving their training, African American doctors faced added challenges, often because white patients would refuse care from black physicians.

Although Drew was accepted to Harvard, he attended medical school at the McGill University Faculty of Medicine in Montreal, Canada. Drew pursued his interest in transfusion medicine—the basis for his later work in blood bank research—during his internship and medical residency. Drew then joined the faculty at Howard University College of Medicine. He also completed a fellowship at New York’s Presbyterian Hospital while further distinguishing himself as the first African American to earn a doctorate of medical science from Columbia University.

HCharles Drew sits in his lab in front of a microscope, circa 1940-1941. Courtesy of the Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University Archives, Howard University, Washington D.C.
Charles Drew sits in his lab in front of a microscope, circa 1940-1941.

Courtesy of the Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University Archives, Howard University, Washington D.C.

Yet what would define Charles Drew’s career—and serve as his greatest contribution to humankind—would be his development of a national blood bank. Drew was completing his doctoral thesis, “Banked Blood,” just as World War II began in Europe. In 1940, in response to Great Britain’s desperate need for blood and plasma to treat military and civilian casualties, an association of New York City’s leading hospitals, surgeons, and blood researchers asked Drew to direct the Blood for Britain project. Drew successfully supervised the collection of 14,500 pints of plasma for the British.

Then, in 1941, Drew was appointed director of the first American Red Cross blood bank. Among his innovations were mobile blood donation stations, later called “bloodmobiles.” His appointment was an honor, but the position was not without challenges: Drew tirelessly campaigned against the US Armed Forces policy to reject blood donations from African Americans. Although the policy was soon revised, it still stipulated that African American donations be segregated from those of white individuals. Drew was outspoken about this unscientific approach to medicine and was ultimately asked to resign.

Drew spent the next several years working as the head of Howard University’s Department of Surgery and then as chief surgeon at the university’s Freedmen’s Hospital. As a faculty member of the Howard University College of Medicine, Drew educated the next generation of African American physicians, built Howard’s reputation, and changed medical education for future generations. Drew believed medical education for African Americans would open doors. As Drew said:

“We believe that the Negro in the field of physical sciences has not only opened a small passageway to the outside world, but is carving a road in many untrod areas, along which later generations will find it more easy to travel.”

Howard University Medical Unit headed by Dr. Charles Drew
United States Postal Service included Charles Drew in its Great Americans series in 1981.

Copyright United States Postal Service, all rights reserved. Image courtesy National Postal Museum.

Charles Drew’s contributions to medicine and education were recognized with numerous awards during his lifetime, including the NAACP’s 1944 Spingarn Medal; he also was the recipient of multiple honorary doctorates. His life, however, came to an abrupt end when he died tragically in a car accident in 1950, shortly before his 46th birthday. A false story circulates to this day that white doctors refused to treat him due to his race; in fact, the African American doctors traveling with him confirm that everything was done to try to save Drew.

Charles Drew continues to be remembered for his far-reaching influence. Numerous public sites and institutions are named for him, including the Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science in California. In 1981, the United States Postal Service issued a first-class postage stamp in Drew’s honor, including him in its Great Americans series. The medical field today reflects Charles Drew’s steadfast commitment to medical and educational equality—and his powerful legacy is evidenced by the millions of individuals of all colors who have benefited from the American blood bank system.

All the best,
DD YE year end 1 signature
Lonnie G. Bunch III
Founding Director

P.S. Your support has made this Museum possible. I hope you will consider joining as a Charter Member or making a donation today.

To read past Our American Stories, visit our archives.

on this day … 8/26 1916 – The National Park Service was established as part of the U.S. Department of the Interior. 


1718 – Hundreds of colonists from France arrived in Louisiana. Some settled in present-day New Orleans.

1814 – The U.S. Library of Congress was destroyed by British forces. 

1825 – Uruguay declared independence from Brazil.

1840 – Joseph Gibbons received a patent for the seeding machine.

1875 – Captain Matthew Webb swam from Dover, England, to Calais, France making him the first person to swim the English Channel. The feat took about 22 hours.

1902 – “Al-Hoda” began publication in New York City making it the first Arabic daily newspaper in the U.S.

1916 – The National Park Service was established as part of the U.S. Department of the Interior. 

1920 – Ethelda Bleibtrey won the 100-meter freestyle swimming competition in Antwerp, Belgium. She was the first woman to win an Olympic competition for the U.S.

1920 – The first airplane to fly from New York to Alaska arrived in Nome.

1921 – The U.S. signed a peace treaty with Germany. 

1939 – The movie “Wizard of Oz” opened around the United States.

1941 – Soviet and British troops invaded Iran. This was in reaction to the Shah’s refusal to reduce the number of German residents.

1941 – Allied forces invaded Iran. Within four days the Soviet Union and England controlled Iran.

1941 – U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt signed the bill appropriating funds for construction of the Pentagon. 

1944 – Paris, France, was liberated by Allied forces ending four years of German occupation.

1944 – Romania declared war on Germany.

1946 – Ben Hogan won the PGA in Portland, OR. It was his first major golf title.

1949 – NBC Radio debuted “Father Knows Best.” The show went to TV in 1954.

1950 – U.S. President Truman ordered the seizure of U.S. railroads to avert a strike.

1972 – In Great Britain, computerized axial tomography (CAT scan) was introduced.

1978 – The Turin shroud believed to be the burial cloth of Jesus Christ went on display for the first time in 45 years.

1981 – The U.S. Voyager 2 sent back pictures and data about Saturn. The craft came within 63,000 miles of the planet. 

1983 – The U.S. and the Soviet Union signed a $10 billion grain pact.

1987 – Saudi Arabia denounced the “group of terrorists” that ran the Iranian government.

1988 – Iran and Iraq began talks in Geneva after ending their eight years of war.

1990 – Military action was authorized by the United Nations to enforce the trade embargo that had been placed on Iraq after their invasion of Kuwait. 

1991 – Byelorussia declared independence from the Soviet Union.

1992 – It was reported by researchers that cigarette smoking significantly increased the risk of developing cataracts. 

1993 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed at 3,652.09, an all-time high.

1997 – The tobacco industry agreed to an $11.3 billion settlement with the state of Florida.

1998 – A survey released said that 1/3 of Americans use the Internet.

Tom Tancredo may run for governor again because GOP isn’t racist enough for him


The Daily Kos Elections Morning Digest is compiled by David Nir, Jeff Singer, Stephen Wolf, and Carolyn Fiddler, with additional contributions from David Jarman, Steve Singiser, Daniel Donner, James Lambert, and David Beard.

Leading off

• CO-Gov: Former Rep. Tom Tancredo, an anti-immigrant zealot who’s always pissed about something, is pissed about the fact that a resort in Colorado Springs cancelled a booking for conference that had been scheduled by VDARE, a notorious white supremacist group. In particular, he’s angry that Republicans haven’t spoken out on this incident “in defense of free speech” (eyeroll), and even though his name hadn’t cropped up as a potential candidate once all year, he now says “it won’t take much” to get him to run for governor. However, Tancredo later told The Denver Post that while he’s thought about returning to politics, “periodically I’d take a cold shower and rethink it,” so maybe it will take more to get him to run for governor.

Tancredo’s past two gubernatorial bids both ended with him getting a cold shower from reality. In 2010, Tancredo quit the GOP to run under the banner of the American Constitution Party and managed to come in second place—but a distant 15 points behind the victor, Democrat John Hickenlooper, who won 51-36. Tancredo did almost manage one impressive accomplishment, though: He nearly relegated the Colorado GOP to “minor party” status because the actual Republican nominee, Dan Maes, was so feeble that he just barely avoided falling below the 10 percent threshold that would have kicked the GOP down to the second tier.

Tancredo ran again in 2014, this time returning to the Republican fold. Democrats wanted to face him, and a group affiliated with the Democratic Governors Association ran ads that tried to convince GOP primary votersto vote for him over ex-Rep. Bob Beauprez. (Their unsubtle tagline was “Tom Tancredo: he’s just too conservative for Colorado.”) However, Tancredo narrowly lost the GOP primary 30-27 to Beauprez, who went on to lose to Hickenlooper by a close 49-46 margin. In 2015, though, Tancredo said he was leaving the GOP again, so at this point, it’s not clear whether he’d want to join the crowded Republican field for this open-seat race (Hickenlooper is term-limited), or if he’d wage another third-party bid. Given the havoc Tancredo wreaked on Republican fortunes when he went wildcat seven years ago, however, it’s easy to say which option Democrats would prefer.

Senate

• AL-Sen: On behalf of the election data site Decision Desk HQ, the self-described “centrist” polling firm Opinion Savvy has conducted a survey of next month’s GOP primary runoff for Alabama’s special election for the Senate and finds former state Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore leading appointed Sen. Luther Strange 50 to 32. That’s almost identical to the one other post-primary poll we’ve seen, courtesy of JMC Analytics, that had Moore ahead 51-32.

Polling an oddly-timed runoff is no easy task, though JMC at least got pretty close to Moore’s final margin in the first round, putting him up 30-22 over Strange (he won 39-33). And with two surveys now showing the same thing, Strange and his allies—chief among them Mitch McConnell—should be quite frightened. However, McConnell’s well-funded buddies at the Senate Leadership Fund still have about a month until the Sept. 26 runoff to try to pound Moore into submission on the airwaves.

• AZ-Sen: Wowza. Republican pollster HighGround Public Affairs, a local Arizona firm whose work has only rarely popped into public view, has released a new survey showing GOP Sen. Jeff Flake’s electoral fortunes in truly abysmal shape, both in the primary and the general. Most stunning is HighGround’s finding that Flake is losing his fight for renomination to former state Sen. (and current nutcase) Kelli Ward by a monster 43-28 margin, despite Ward’s serious flaws as a candidate and limited name recognition.

It’s not hard to understand why, though: To be a Republican in good standing these days, you have to be fully aligned with Donald Trump, and Flake is anything but. Trump’s antipathy for Flake is so extreme that at his berserk rally in Phoenix on Tuesday night, Trump castigated Flake for being “weak on borders” and “weak on crime” while not-at-all-cutely saying, “I will not mention any names.” (He just referred to Flake as “your other senator.”) Trump immediately tired of that game, though, and soon tweeted the very same utterances about Flake, this time calling him out by name.

A recent PPP poll of Arizona bears this out: Flake’s approval rating among self-identified Republican voters was a god-awful 22 percent, with an extraordinary 57 percent disapproving of him! To see members of a politician’s own party view him so poorly is really something—normally, a GOP senator should get something like 70 or 80 percent approval scores from fellow Republicans. But these opinions weren’t much different from those of Democratic voters, who gave Flake a 15-67 rating (which is normal.)

If Flake does survive to the general election, though, he’s in trouble there, too. HighGround finds Rep. Kyrsten Sinema, a likely Democratic candidate, beating Flake 41-33. That’s terrible for an incumbent, though the numbers are pretty odd, because Sinema only edges Ward 32-31. If Republicans are angry with Flake (and they are), you’d expect them to shift to the undecided column, not to Sinema. But dear lord, if they’re so furious that they’re willing to vote for a Democrat instead of him, then yikes.

Gubernatorial

• NV-Gov: Democratic businessman Vince Juaristi, who’d been considering a bid for governor and even said he’d self-fund, has announced that he won’t run after all. That leaves Clark County Commissioner Steve Sisolak as the only Democrat—in fact, the only declared candidate from either party—in this slow-to-develop open-seat race.

• WI-Gov: As expected, state education superintendent Tony Evers kicked off his campaign for governor on Wednesday, making him the highest-profile Democrat in the race. Evers has won election to his current post three times, though the position of superintendent is formally nonpartisan, so this’ll be the first time Evers has run statewide with a “(D)” next to his name. Already running for the Democratic nod are businessman Andy Gronik and state Rep. Dana Wachs.

Meanwhile, even though GOP Gov. Scott Walker said just the other daythat he’s still “about” a month or two away from formally declaring that he’ll seek a third term, he did offer a pretty clear indication of his plans earlier this month. In an interview with CNBC, Walker claimed he wouldn’t run for president again (remember when he tried that?) but said, “I’m ready to run for governor in 2018. I’m going to fill my term out for the next four years.” Well, not if Democrats can help it.

House

• AL-05On Tuesday, state Sen. Bill Holtzclaw announced that he would challenge tea partying Rep. Mo Brooks in next year’s GOP primary. Holtzclaw says that during Brooks’ Senate campaign, which ended in defeat last week, Holtzclaw began considering a run for this safely red Huntsville-area if Brooks won his promotion. Ultimately, Holtzclaw says he was convinced he had enough support to run against Brooks if it came down to it. Holtzclaw argued that this district is lacking “somebody working with those businesses large and small someone who is willing to engage on behalf of those businesses and make it a priority to connect leaders across the 5th District with leaders in Washington.” Inspiring stuff, isn’t it?

Brooks is a member of the far-right House Freedom Caucus, and he’s been a thorn in the side of the House leadership. Holtzclaw himself had a tiff with then-Gov. Robert Bentley back in 2015. Holtzclaw, a retired Marine, put up a billboard in his district declaring, “Governor Bentley wants to raise your taxes. I will not let that happen. Semper Fi – Senator Bill Holtzclaw.” Bentley, a fellow Republican, was not amused, and the director of the state Department of Transportation soon announced that all road projects for Holtzclaw’s district would be canceled, though Bentley later backed down. Holtzclaw later said that when he challenged Bentley, who resigned in disgrace a few months ago, “some folks said that was the beginning of the end (for Bentley).” Well, that and the whole sex scandal thing.

Brooks was already facing a primary challenge from businessman Clayton Hinchman, an Army Ranger who lost his right leg in Iraq. If no one takes a majority of the vote, there will be a primary runoff, so Brooks can’t just hope Hinchman and Holtzclaw split the anti-incumbent vote. Back when Brooks was challenging appointed Sen. Luther Strange, who had the support of Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, a key McConnell ally signed on to Hinchman’s campaign. It’s unclear if McConnellWorld is still interested in boosting Hinchman now that Brooks’ part in the Senate race is over, but if they are, the congressman could be in for a world of hurt.

• IL-13: Former Navy intelligence officer Jonathan Ebel, who’d reportedly been considering a bid, has now entered the Democratic primary in Illinois’ 13th Congressional District. Ebel, now a professor at the University of Illinois, joins a few other notable Democrats in the race, including fundraising consultant Betsy Londrigan, attorney Erik Jones, and perennial candidate David Gill, who narrowly lost to Republican Rep. Rodney Davis in 2012. Trump won the 13th 50-44, but in 2012, Mitt Romney carried it by less than a point.

• KS-04, KS-Gov: Republican state Senate President Susan Wagle, who’d been considering bids both for Congress and governor, announced on Tuesday that she’d pursue neither and will instead simply leave the Senate when her current term ends in 2020. Wagle decision to eschew the governor’s race won’t be particularly impactful, given how crowded the GOP field has become for that contest. But by declining a run in the 4th Congressional District, she allows Rep. Ron Estes to breathe a huge sigh of relief.

Estes, of course, was the hapless special election nominee who had to be bailed out by the entire Republican Party despite running in a ruby-red district against an unheralded Democratic opponent. Despite all the help, Estes only managed a weak-ass 6-point win, 20 points worse than both Trump’s and Romney’s performances here. That feeble showing immediately made him look vulnerable to a primary challenge, and Wagle could have been an opposing opponent. However, Estes might wind up skating, since no other Republicans have expressed an interest in running against him—though with Wagle out of the way, it’s possible some others will now emerge. It’s also worth noting that earlier this year, Estes was nominated at a party convention rather than through a primary.

• MO-02: Army veteran Mark Osmack, who filed paperwork for a congressional bid last month but didn’t make any sort of announcement at the time, officially kicked off his campaign on Tuesday. Osmack, who served in Afghanistan and was awarded a Bronze Star, joins law professor Cort VanOstran among notable Democrats seeking the right to run against GOP Rep. Ann Wagner next year in Missouri’s 2nd Congressional District. This seat, in suburban St. Louis, voted 53-42 for Donald Trump—a tough hill for any Democrat to climb, but a little better than Mitt Romney’s 57-41 win here in 2012.

• SC-01: Republican state Rep. Katie Arrington, a freshman legislator who filed paperwork with the FEC last month, now says she’ll kick off a primary challenge to GOP Rep. Mark Sanford on Aug. 30. As a regular Trump critic, Sanford has found himself on the outs with his fellow Republicans and has basically adopted a YOLO attitude, declaring himself “dead man walking” earlier this year.

Oddly, Arrington also invoked some macabre imagery in an email to supporters announcing her impending announcement, writing, “Please let me know if you can support me as I jump off this cliff.” Guess we’ve got ourselves an old-fashioned BASE jumper vs. trail hiker matchup, huh?

• TX-03On Wednesday, state Sen. Van Taylor made his long-expected bid for Texas’ open 3rd Congressional District official. Taylor, an Iraq vet, is personally wealthy and reportedly intends to spend seven figures on his campaign, something he’s done in prior races. In fact, he did just that during his one prior run for Congress, when he lost to Democratic Rep. Chet Edwards 58-40 in 2006 in what was then the 17th District, back in an era when congressional Democrats still regularly held deep red turf.

This time, though, Taylor should face no such trouble: While Texas’ 3rd moved sharply against Donald Trump last year, Trump still won it 55-41. (Mitt Romney had carried it 64-34 four years earlier.) Interestingly, the 3rd has zero overlap with the old 17th, but Taylor’s current seat in the Senate has almost perfect overlap with the 3rd, so that and his money make him the frontrunner—plus the fact that no other notable Republicans are running (or even considering) the race to succeed retiring Rep. Sam Johnson.

In an amusing twist, though, there’s a Democrat in the race whose name is … Sam Johnson. Could we see a Distinguished Gentleman-type situation arise? Vote Sam Johnson—it’s the name you know!

Legislative

• Special Elections: As expected, Democrat Dawn Euer easily defeated Republican Mike Smith by a 58-39 margin to keep Rhode Island’s 13th State Senate District blue in a special election on Tuesday night. The result was somewhat unusual, though, in that Euer ran behind both Hillary Clinton (who carried this seat 65-30) and Barack Obama (who won it 65-33). Folks who’ve been following Daily Kos Elections’ coverage of special elections around the nation this year know that Democrats have consistently run ahead of recent presidential candidates.

This sort of underperformance is bound to happen some of the time, though, and the Ocean State is a particularly likely place for it. According to a very interesting analysis by Nate Silver, Rhode Island is the least polarized state in the entire nation, so it’s less surprising to see a divergence between presidential and legislative results there. In addition, Euer represents a major upgrade over the prior holder of this seat, former state Senate President Teresa Paiva Weed: While Weed opposed abortion rights, Euer supports them.

Mayoral

• Birmingham, AL Mayor: Alabama’s largest city held its non-partisan primary on Tuesday, and former Birmingham school board president Randall Woodfin outpaced Mayor William Bell 41-37. Because no one took a majority of the vote, Woodfin and Bell will face off in the Oct. 3 general election.

Woodfin’s campaign against Bell, a fellow Democrat who is seeking a third term, attracted the attention of national progressives. Notably, Woodfin called for free college tuition for the city’s high school graduates. Woodfin has also argued while downtown Birmingham is benefiting from the Bell administration, the city’s black and poor residents are not.

Grab Bag

• Pres-by-LD: Daily Kos Elections’ project to calculate the 2016 presidential results for every state legislative seat in the nation hits Missouri, a former swing state where the GOP is now firmly in control. You can find our master list of states here, which we’ll be updating as we add new data sets; you can also find all of our calculations from 2016 and past cycles here.

While swingy Missouri backed the winning presidential candidate in every election from 1960 to 2004, Democrats picked up the state House in 1948 and the Senate in 1954, and they held both chambers for decades. But things began to change in 1992, when voters passed a term-limits law that gradually forced longtime rural Democrats out of office. The GOP took the Senate in 2000 and the House two years later, and Republic Eric Greitens’ victory in last year’s governor’s race gave Team Red full control of the state government. The GOP holds a 117 to 46 supermajority in the House (Daily Kos Elections assigns vacant seats to the party that last held them) and an even larger 25 to nine edge in the Senate.

It certainly doesn’t help Democrats that Missouri has swerved hard to the right in recent years. In 2008, John McCain defeated Barack Obama 49.4-49.2, his only win in a seriously contested state, and the first time ever that a Democratic presidential nominee had won the White House while losing Missouri. Four years later, the Obama campaign focused its efforts elsewhere, and Mitt Romney won 54-44. In 2016, Donald Trump beat Hillary Clinton 56-38. Trump carried 120 of the 163 House seats and 25 of the 34 Senate districts.

We’ll start with a look at the House, which is up every two years. Even though Trump’s margin of victory was considerably larger than Romney’s, the two carried the same counties, so it’s not a surprise that few state House seats switched sides. Trump ended up losing two Romney seats while picking up two Obama districts. The only large shift in this group was HD-10, which is located in Buchanan County north of Kansas City. This seat went from 50-47 Obama to 53-39 Trump, but Democrat Pat Conway won his fourth and final term without any opposition.

The other Obama/Trump seat, HD-29 in the Kansas City area, is held by Democrat Rory Rowland. The seat drifted from 50-48 Obama to 47.4-47.1 Trump, but Rowland also had no opposition. The two Romney/Clinton seats, which were close in both presidential races, are held by Republicans.

In addition to Conway and Rowland, just three Democrats hold Trump seats. The reddest is HD-118, located south of St. Louis. The seat swung from 55-43 Romney to a punishing 71-25 Trump, but Democrat Ben Harris also won his fourth and final term without opposition. HD-21 in the Kansas City area went from 50-48 Romney to 51-42 Trump, but Democrat Ira Anders won his final term 58-42. Mark Ellebracht managed to win his first term 51-46 last year after two very close losses even as his Clay County went from 50-48 Romney to 50-43 Trump. The two Romney/Clinton seats are the only Clinton seats in GOP hands.

Things aren’t much different in the Senate. Trump picked up one Obama seat, with the Kansas City-area SD-11 going from 50-48 Obama to 50-44 Trump. However, Democrat John Rizzo won his first term 50-44 last year; no other Democrats represent Trump seats. The one Republican in a Clinton seat is freshman Caleb Rowden, who holds the Columbia-area SD-11. This seat backed Obama 48.68-48.65 and Clinton 47-46, but Rowden won 51-49 last year. Half the Senate is up in presidential years, while the other half is up in midterm cycles.

While the GOP-led legislature, with the help of a few Democrats, passed their congressional map over Democratic Gov. Jay Nixon’s veto in 2011, things worked differently for the legislative lines. After the bipartisan redistricting commission failed to agree on new maps, a backup commission of six appellate judges took over. The judge’s state House map took effect after unsuccessful lawsuits to block it. However, after the Missouri Supreme Court blocked the court-drawn Senate map, Nixon appointed a new bipartisan redistricting commission, which eventually agreed on the current state Senate lines.

Even though neither legislative map was a GOP gerrymander, the lines give Republicans a built-in edge. One way to illustrate this is to sort each seat in the House by Clinton’s margin of victory over Trump to see how the seat in the middle—known as the median seat—voted. Because the Senate has an even number of seats, we average the two middle seats to come up with the median point in the chamber. The median House seat backed Trump 63-32, well to the right of his 56-38 statewide win, while the median point in the Senate supported Trump 64-31.

However, Missouri is a state where geography gives the GOP a huge advantage. Clinton, like Obama four years before, carried St. Louis City and St. Louis County on the eastern side of the state, Kansas City and the rest of Jackson County on the west, Columbia’s Boone County in the middle, and nothing else.

Even 2016 Democratic Senate nominee Jason Kander, who lost to Republican incumbent Roy Blunt just 49-46, had a similar issue. The only Romney/Trump counties that Kander carried are Platte and Clay, which are both located near Kansas City. As long as Democrats remain packed into just a few areas, they’re going to have a tough time winning back the legislature under a non-partisan map even if Missouri becomes more competitive in presidential races.

 

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