0996 – Sixteen year old Otto III was crowned the Roman Emperor.
1471 – King Henry VI was killed in the tower of London. Edward IV took the throne.
1536 – The Reformation was officially adopted in Geneva, Switzerland.
1542 – Hernando de Soto died along the Mississippi River while searching for gold.
1602 – Martha’s Vineyard was first sighted by Captain Bartholomew Gosnold.
1688 – The English poet Alexander Pope was born.
1790 – Paris was divided into 48 zones.
1819 – Bicycles were first seen in the U.S. in New York City. They were originally known as “swift walkers.”
1832 – In the U.S., the Democratic Party held its first national convention.
1840 – New Zealand was declared a British colony.
1856 – Lawrence, Kansas was captured by pro-slavery forces.
1863 – The siege of the Confederate Port Hudson, LA, began.
1881 – The American branch of the Red Cross was founded by Clara Barton.
1881 – The United States Lawn Tennis Association was formed in New York City.
1891 – Peter Jackson and Jim Corbett fought for 61 rounds only to end in a draw.
1904 – Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) was founded.
1906 – Louis H. Perlman received his patent for the demountable tire-carrying rim.
1922 – The cartoon, “On the Road to Moscow,” by Rollin Kirby won a Pulitzer Prize. It was the first cartoon awarded the Pulitzer.
1924 – Fourteen-year-old Bobby Franks was murdered in a “thrill killing” committed by Nathan Leopold Jr. and Richard Loeb. The killers were students at the University of Chicago.
1927 – Charles A. Lindberg completed the first solo nonstop airplane flight across the Atlantic Ocean. The trip began May 20.
1929 – The first automatic electric stock quotation board was used by Sutro and Company of New York City.
1929 – William Henry Storey registered the trademark for the board game Sorry! in the U.K. (U.K. number 502898)
1934 – Oskaloosa, IA, became the first city in the U.S. to fingerprint all of its citizens.
1947 – Joe DiMaggio and five of his New York Yankee teammates were fined $100 because they had not fulfilled contract requirements to do promotional duties for the team.
1956 – The U.S. exploded the first airborne hydrogen bomb in the Pacific Ocean over Bikini Atoll.
1961 – Governor Patterson declared martial law in Montgomery, AL.
1968 – The nuclear-powered U.S. submarine Scorpion, with 99 men aboard, was last heard from. The remains of the sub were later found on the ocean floor 400 miles southwest of the Azores.
1970 – The National Guard was mobilized to quell disturbances at Ohio State University.
1980 – The movie “The Empire Strikes Back” was released.
1982 – The British landed in the Falkland Islands and fighting began.
1991 – In Madras, India, the former prime minister, Rajiv Gandhi was killed by a bouquet of flowers that contained a bomb.
1998 – An expelled student, Kipland Kinkel, in Springfield, OR, killed 2 people and wounded 25 others with a semi-automatic rifle. Police also discovered that the boy had killed his parents before the rampage. Additional info …this teen was mentally ill
1998 – Microsoft and Sega announced that they are collaborating on a home video game system.
1998 – In Miami, FL, five abortion clinics were hit by an butyric acid-attacker.
|African-American ministers Rev. F. L. Shuttlesworth and Rev. Billups are found not guilty of “aiding and abetting a violation of a criminal trespass ordinance of Birmingham” for their role in organizing ten students in a “sit-down demonstration” at a white lunch counter. Since segregation ordinances are not legal, sit-ins are legal, thus the ten students are not guilty of trespassing, and the two ministers are not guilty of inciting a crime.|
1302 – The weaver Peter de Coningk led a massacre of the Flemish oligarchs.
1642 – Montreal, Canada, was founded.
1643 – Queen Anne, the widow of Louis XIII, was granted sole and absolute power as regent by the Paris parliament, overriding the late king’s will.
1652 – In Rhode Island, a law was passed that made slavery illegal in North America. It was the first law of its kind.
1792 – Russian troops invaded Poland.
1798 – The first Secretary of the U.S. Navy was appointed. He was Benjamin Stoddert.
1802 – Great Britain declared war on Napoleon’s France.
1804 – Napoleon Bonaparte was proclaimed emperor by the French Senate.
1828 – Battle of Las Piedras ended the conflict between Uruguay and Brazil.
1896 – The U.S. Supreme court upheld the “separate but equal” policy in the Plessy vs. Ferguson decision. The ruling was overturned 58 years later with Brown vs. Board of Education.
1897 – A public reading of Bram Stoker’s new novel, “Dracula, or, The Un-dead,” was performed in London.
1904 – Brigand Raizuli kidnapped American Ion H. Perdicaris in Morocco.
1917 – The U.S. Congress passed the Selective Service act, which called up soldiers to fight in World War I.
1926 – Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson vanished while visiting a beach in Venice, CA. She reappeared a month later with the claim that she had been kidnapped.
1931 – Japanese pilot Seiji Yoshihara crashed his plane in the Pacific Ocean while trying to be the first to cross the ocean nonstop. He was picked up seven hours later by a passing ship.
1933 – The Tennessee Valley Authority was created.
1934 – The U.S. Congress approved an act, known as the “Lindberg Act,” that called for the death penalty in interstate kidnapping cases.
1942 – New York ended night baseball games for the duration of World War II.
1944 – Monte Cassino, Europe’s oldest Monastic house, was finally captured by the Allies in Italy.
1949 – Antiquarian Booksellers Association of America was incorporated
1951 – The United Nations moved its headquarters to New York City.
1953 – The first woman to fly faster than the speed of sound, Jacqueline Cochran, piloted an F-86 Sabrejet over Californiaat an average speed of 652.337 miles-per-hour.
1974 – India became the sixth nation to explode an atomic bomb.
1980 – Mt. Saint Helens erupted in Washington state. 57 people were killed and 3 billion in damage was done.
1983 – The U.S. Senate revised immigration laws and gave millions of illegal aliens legal status under an amnesty program.
1994 – Israel’s three decades of occupation in the Gaza Strip ended as Israeli troops completed their withdrawal and Palestinian authorities took over.
1998 – The U.S. federal government and 20 states filed a sweeping antitrust case against Microsoft Corp., saying the computer software company had a “choke hold” on competitors which denied consumer choices by controlling 90% of the software market.
1998 – U.S. federal officials arrested more than 130 people and seized $35 million. This was the end to an investigation of money laundering being done by a dozen Mexican banks and two drug-smuggling cartels.
2012 – Facebook Inc. held its initial public offering and began trading on the NASDAQ. The company was valued at $104 billion making it the largest valuation to date for a newly listed public company.
2014 – Russian President Putin signed a bill to absorb Crimea into the Russian Federation.